MapReduce Program using Maven

Maven is a build management tool used to setup a Java project and create JAR files. It uses pom.xml file to setup dependencies a project needs, compile, and build final artifact like JAR file.

Eclipse is an IDE (Integrated Development Environment) often used by Java developers to make development and debugging easier. Install it from website. Maven usually comes with Eclipse.

Steps to create and run MapReduce program using Maven and Eclipse:

    • In Eclipse IDE, create a new Maven project (New -> Project -> Maven Project)
    • Create the following code in the package
package com.hadoopnotes.MapReduceSample;

import java.util.StringTokenizer;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Mapper;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Reducer;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.input.FileInputFormat;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.output.FileOutputFormat;

public class WordCount {

	public static class Map extends Mapper<LongWritable, Text, Text, IntWritable> {

		public void map(LongWritable key, Text value, Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException {

			StringTokenizer str = new StringTokenizer(value.toString());

			while (str.hasMoreTokens()) {
				String word = str.nextToken();

				context.write(new Text(word), new IntWritable(1));

	public static class Reduce extends Reducer<Text, IntWritable, Text, IntWritable> {

		public void reduce(Text key, Iterable<IntWritable> values, Context context)
				throws IOException, InterruptedException {
			int sum = 0;
			for (IntWritable i : values) {
				sum += i.get();

			context.write(key, new IntWritable(sum));

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

		if (args.length != 2) {
			System.err.println("Usage: WordCount <InPath> <OutPath>");

		Configuration conf = new Configuration();
		Job job = Job.getInstance(conf, "WordCount");



		FileInputFormat.addInputPath(job, new Path(args[0]));
		FileOutputFormat.setOutputPath(job, new Path(args[1]));

		System.exit(job.waitForCompletion(true) ? 0 : 1);
    • Update pom file as below
<project xmlns="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="">




        <!-- -->
        <!-- -->


    • Right click on the project, and then Run As -> Maven install. This will generate jar file in target folder:┬áMapReduceSample-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar
    • Copy this jar file to Hadoop cluster (like master node on AWS EMR)
    • Create an input file input.txt. Write some text into it.
    • Copy this file to HDFS: hdfs dfs -put input.txt /user/hadoop/
    • Run the WordCount program using below command.

$ hadoop jar MapReduceSample-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar com.hadoopnotes.MapReduceSample.WordCount input.txt output4

  • Check output:

    hdfs dfs -cat /user/hadoop/output4/part-r-00000